18 Well-Known Zoonoses

Diseases that can be transmitted from animals to people are known as zoonoses. Domestic animals can transmit zoonoses, as well as wild creatures. Nineteen of the most common of these are:

Dog Zoonoses

Dog Diseases and Their Symptoms in Humans

Leptospirosis

Weil's disease
Toxocariasis

Visceral larval migrans

Echinococcosis

Hydatid disease
Sarcoptic mange

Skin rash and bites
Cheyletiella mites

Skin rash and bites
Ringworm

Skin lesions and hair loss
Salmonellosis

Diarrhea/vomiting
Rabies

Hydrophobia (rabies)

Cat Zoonoses

Cat Diseases and Their Symptoms in Humans

Pasteurellosis

Bites or scratches become infected.

Cat Scratch Fever

High temperature,flu-like signs, rash

Ringworm

Raised, circular, inflamed skin lesion

Toxoplasmosis

Abortion of fetus

Rabies

Fever, itching at original bite area, behavior changes, paralysis and death.

 

Zoonoses from Other Species

Species and the Disease it Can Transmit

Cattle

Brucellosis
Hamsters

Campylobacter
Birds

Psittacosis
Mice and rats

Salmonellosis
Horses

Tetanus

Rabbits

Tularemia





 

Source: Animal Biology and Care by Sue Dallas. Blackwell Science, 2000.

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